No association between garlic intake and risk of colorectal cancer
Giovannucci, Edward L.
Fuchs, Charles S.
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CitationMeng, Shasha, Xuehong Zhang, Edward L. Giovannucci, Jing Ma, Charles S. Fuchs, and Eunyoung Cho. 2013. “No Association between Garlic Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer.” Cancer Epidemiology 37 (2): 152–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2012.11.002.
AbstractBackground: Although experimental studies suggested beneficial role of garlic intake on colorectal carcinogenesis, limited prospective cohort studies have evaluated garlic intake in relation to colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence.Methods: We followed 76,208 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 45,592 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study for up to 24 years and examined garlic intake and garlic supplement use in relation to CRC risk. Information on garlic intake and supplement use was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire and a Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to estimate the multivariable hazard ratio (MV-HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Results: We documented 2368 (1339 women and 1029 men) incident CRC cases and found no association between garlic intake and CRC risk; the MV-HRs (95% CIs) associated with garlic (1 clove or 4 shakes per serving) intake >= 1/day compared with < 1/month were 1.21 (0.94-1.57; p-trend = 0.14) for women and 1.00 (0.71-1.42; p-trend = 0.89) for men. The MV-HRs (95% CIs) of CRC for garlic supplement use, which was used in 6% of the participants in each study, were 0.72 (0.48-1.07) for women and 1.22 (0.83-1.78) for men. Conclusion: Our prospective data do not support an important role of garlic intake or garlic supplement use in colorectal carcinogenesis.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41392022
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