Markers of systemic inflammation and colorectal adenoma risk: Meta-analysis of observational studies
MetadataShow full item record
CitationGodos, Justyna, Antonio Biondi, Fabio Galvano, Francesco Basile, Salvatore Sciacca, Edward L Giovannucci, and Giuseppe Grosso. 2017. “Markers of Systemic Inflammation and Colorectal Adenoma Risk: Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.” World Journal of Gastroenterology 23 (10): 1909. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v23.i10.1909.
AbstractAIM To perform a meta-analysis of observational studies on inflammatory markers levels and occurrence of colorectal adenoma. METHODS Pubmed and Embase databases were searched until March 2016 for the articles reporting on the circulating levels of inflammatory markers, including: C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-proportional to) and risk of colorectal adenoma. Random-effects models were used to calculate summary odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs for the highest vs lowest category of exposure. Heterogeneity was assessed by using the Q test and I-2 statistic. Subgroup analyses were also performed to test for potential source of heterogeneityRESULTS A total of 14 case-control studies were included. Ten studies on CRP including a total of 3350 cases and 4168 controls showed non- significant summary (OR = 1.23, 95% CI: 0.98-1.54; I-2 = 54%, P heterogeneity = 0.01) in the general analysis, but significant increased odds when considering only advanced adenoma (OR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.09-2.32; I-2 = 44%, P heterogeneity = 0.15). Subgroup and stratified analyses revealed a potential influence of smoking status and aspirin use on the association between CRP levels and colorectal adenoma. Five studies examined the association between circulating levels of TNF-proportional to and colorectal adenoma risk, including a total of 1,568 cases and 2,832 controls. The summary OR for the highest vs the lowest category of exposure was 1.00 ( 95% CI: 0.77-1.29). The relationship between circulating IL-6 levels and colorectal adenoma risk was investigated in 7 studies including a total of 1936 cases and 3611 controls. The summary OR for the highest vs the lowest category of exposure was 1.19 ( 95% CI: 0.92-1.55). CONCLUSION Summary of current evidence suggests a positive association of CRP levels and advanced colorectal adenoma risk. The role of potential confounding factors should be further evaluated.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41392074
- SPH Scholarly Articles