Detection of a Temperature Inversion in the Broadband Infrared Emission Spectrum of Tres-4
Knutson, Heather A.
O'Donovan, Francis T.
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CitationKnutson, Heather A., David Charbonneau, Adam Burrows, Francis T. O’Donovan, and Georgi Mandushev. 2009. “DETECTION OF A TEMPERATURE INVERSION IN THE BROADBAND INFRARED EMISSION SPECTRUM OF TrES-4.” The Astrophysical Journal 691 (1): 866–74. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637x/691/1/866.
AbstractWe estimate the strength of the bandpass-integrated thermal emission from the extrasolar planet TrES-4 at 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 mu m using the Infrared Array Camera on the Spitzer Space Telescope. We find relative eclipse depths of 0.137% +/- 0.011%, 0.148% +/- 0.016%, 0.261% +/- 0.059%, and 0.318% +/- 0.044% in these four bandpasses, respectively. We also place a 2 sigma upper limit of 0.37% on the depth of the secondary eclipse in the 16 mu m IRS peak-up array. These eclipse depths reveal that TrES-4 has an emission spectrum similar to that of HD 209458b, which requires the presence of water emission bands created by a thermal inversion layer high in the atmosphere in order to explain the observed features. TrES-4 receives more radiation from its star than HD 209458b and has a correspondingly higher effective temperature, therefore the presence of a temperature inversion in this planet's atmosphere lends support to the idea that inversions might be correlated with the irradiance received by the planet. We find no evidence for any offset in the timing of the secondary eclipse, and place a 3 sigma upper limit of vertical bar e cos(omega)vertical bar < 0.0058, where e is the planet's orbital eccentricity and omega is the argument of pericenter. From this we conclude that tidal heating from ongoing orbital circularization is unlikely to be the explanation for TrES-4's inflated radius.
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