Millisecond Magnetar Birth Connects FRB 121102 to Superluminous Supernovae and Long-duration Gamma-Ray Bursts
Metzger, Brian D.
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CitationMetzger, Brian D., Edo Berger, and Ben Margalit. 2017. “Millisecond Magnetar Birth Connects FRB 121102 to Superluminous Supernovae and Long-Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts.” The Astrophysical Journal 841 (1): 14. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa633d.
AbstractSubarcsecond localization of the repeating fast radio burst FRB 121102 revealed its coincidence with a dwarf host galaxy and a steady ("quiescent") nonthermal radio source. We show that the properties of the host galaxy are consistent with those of long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRB) and hydrogen-poor superluminous supernovae (SLSNe-I). Both LGRBs and SLSNe- I were previously hypothesized to be powered by the electromagnetic spin-down of newly formed, strongly magnetized neutron stars with millisecond birth rotation periods ("millisecond magnetars"). This motivates considering a scenario whereby the repeated bursts from FRB 121102 originate from a young magnetar remnant embedded within a young hydrogen-poor supernova (SN) remnant. Requirements on the gigahertz free-free optical depth through the expanding SN ejecta (accounting for photoionization by the rotationally powered magnetar nebula), energetic constraints on the bursts, and constraints on the size of the quiescent source all point to an age of less than a few decades. The quiescent radio source can be attributed to synchrotron emission from the shock interaction between the fast outer layer of the supernova ejecta with the surrounding wind of the progenitor star, or the radio source can from deeper within the magnetar wind nebula as outlined in Metzger et al. Alternatively, the radio emission could be an orphan afterglow from an initially off-axis LGRB jet, though this might require the source to be too young. The young age of the source can be tested by searching for a time derivative of the dispersion measure and the predicted fading of the quiescent radio source. We propose future tests of the SLSNe- I/LGRB/FRB connection, such as searches for FRBs from nearby SLSNe-I/ LGRBs on timescales of decades after their explosions.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41397481
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