Binary and Long‐Term (Triple?) Modulations of 4U 1820−30 in NGC 6624
Grindlay, J. E.
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CitationChou, Y., and J. E. Grindlay. 2001. “Binary and Long‐Term (Triple?) Modulations of 4U 1820−30 in NGC 6624.” The Astrophysical Journal 563 (2): 934–40. https://doi.org/10.1086/324038.
AbstractWe present timing analysis results for Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations of X-ray binary source 4U 1820-30 located in the globular cluster NGC 6624. The light curves of observations made between 1996 October and 1997 September show that the maximum of the 685 s binary period modulation folded by the linear ephemeris from previous observations has a phase shift of -0.20 +/- 0.06. Combined with historical results (1976-1997), the binary period derivative is measured to be (P)over dot/P = (-3.47 +/- 1.48) x 10(-8) yr(-1). The previous known (similar to 176 day) long-term modulation is significant in the X-ray light curve obtained by analysis of the RXTE All-Sky Monitor (ASM) during the years 1996-2000. The RXTE ASM ephemeris is extended by analysis of all historical data (Vela 5B and Ginga) to yield a period of 171.033 +/- 0.326 days with no evidence for period change ( (P)over dot/P < 2.20 x 10(-4) yr(-1)). All reported X-ray burst activity is confined to within <plus/minus>23 days of the predicted minima. This stable long-term modulation is consistent with 4U 1820-30 being a hierarchical triple system with a similar to1.1 day period companion.
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