Quantum Dynamics of Ultracold Bose Polarons
Shchadilova, Yulia E.
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CitationShchadilova, Yulia E., Richard Schmidt, Fabian Grusdt, and Eugene Demler. 2016. “Quantum Dynamics of Ultracold Bose Polarons.” Physical Review Letters 117 (11). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.117.113002.
AbstractWe analyze the dynamics of Bose polarons in the vicinity of a Feshbach resonance between the impurity and host atoms. We compute the radio-frequency absorption spectra for the case when the initial state of the impurity is noninteracting and the final state is strongly interacting with the host atoms. We compare results of different theoretical approaches including a single excitation expansion, a self-consistent T-matrix method, and a time-dependent coherent state approach. Our analysis reveals sharp spectral features arising from metastable states with several Bogoliubov excitations bound to the impurity atom. This surprising result of the interplay of many-body and few-body Efimov type bound state physics can only be obtained by going beyond the commonly used Frohlich model and including quasiparticle scattering processes. Close to the resonance we find that strong fluctuations lead to a broad, incoherent absorption spectrum where no quasiparticle peak can be assigned.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412132
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