Prompt tidal disruption of stars as an electromagnetic signature of supermassive black hole coalescence
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CitationStone, Nicholas, and Abraham Loeb. 2011. “Prompt Tidal Disruption of Stars as an Electromagnetic Signature of Supermassive Black Hole Coalescence.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 412 (1): 75–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17880.x.
AbstractA precise electromagnetic measurement of the sky coordinates and redshift of a coalescing black hole binary holds the key for using its gravitational wave (GW) signal to constrain cosmological parameters and to test general relativity. Here we show that the merger of similar to 106-7 M-circle dot black holes is generically followed by electromagnetic flares from tidally disrupted stars. The sudden recoil imparted to the merged black hole by GW emission promptly fills its loss cone and results in a tidal disruption rate of stars as high as similar to 0.1 yr-1. The prompt disruption of a single star within a galaxy provides a unique electromagnetic flag of a recent black hole coalescence event, and sequential disruptions could be used on their own to calibrate the expected rate of GW sources for pulsar timing arrays or the proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412142
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