Quantum heat waves in a one-dimensional condensate
Dalla Torre, Emanuele G.
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CitationAgarwal, Kartiek, Emanuele G. Dalla Torre, Jörg Schmiedmayer, and Eugene Demler. 2017. “Quantum Heat Waves in a One-Dimensional Condensate.” Physical Review B 95 (19). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.95.195157.
AbstractWe study the dynamics of phase relaxation between a pair of one-dimensional condensates created by a bi-directional, supersonic 'unzipping' of a finite single condensate. We find that the system fractures into different extensive chunks of space-time, within which correlations appear thermal but correspond to different effective temperatures. Coherences between different eigen-modes are crucial for understanding the development of such thermal correlations; at no point in time can our system be described by a generalized Gibbs' ensemble despite nearly always appearing locally thermal. We rationalize a picture of propagating fronts of hot and cold sound waves, populated at effective, relativistically red-and blue-shifted temperatures to intuitively explain our findings. The disparity between these hot and cold temperatures vanishes for the case of instantaneous splitting but diverges in the limit where the splitting velocity approaches the speed of sound; in this limit, a sonic boom occurs wherein the system is excited only along an infinitely narrow, and infinitely hot beam. We expect our findings to apply generally to the study of superluminal perturbations in systems with emergent Lorentz symmetry.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412183
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