Dicke phase transition without total spin conservation
Dalla Torre, Emanuele G.
Wilner, Eli Y.
Lukin, Mikhail D.
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CitationDalla Torre, Emanuele G., Yulia Shchadilova, Eli Y. Wilner, Mikhail D. Lukin, and Eugene Demler. 2016. “Dicke Phase Transition without Total Spin Conservation.” Physical Review A 94 (6). https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.94.061802.
AbstractWe develop a fermionic path-integral formalism to analyze the phase diagram of open nonequilibrium systems. The formalism is applied to analyze an ensemble of two-level atoms interacting with a single-mode optical cavity, described by the Dicke model. While this model is often used as the paradigmatic example of a phase transition in driven-dissipative systems, earlier theoretical studies were limited to the special case when the total spin of the atomic ensemble is conserved. This assumption is not justified in most experimental realizations. Our approach allows us to analyze the problem in a more general case, including the experimentally relevant case of dissipative processes that act on each atom individually and do not conserve the total spin. We obtain a general expression for the position of the transition, which contains as special cases the two previously known regimes: (i) nonequilibrium systems with losses and conserved spin and (ii) closed systems in thermal equilibrium and with the Gibbs-ensemble averaging over the values of the total spin. We perform a detailed study of different types of baths and point out the possibility of a surprising nonmonotonic dependence of the transition on the baths' parameters.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412185
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