Constraints on the redshift evolution of the LX-SFR relation from the cosmic X-ray backgrounds
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CitationDijkstra, Mark, Marat Gilfanov, Abraham Loeb, and Rashid Sunyaev. 2012. “Constraints on the Redshift Evolution of the LX-SFR Relation from the Cosmic X-Ray Backgrounds.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, January, no-no. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20292.x.
AbstractObservations of local star-forming galaxies have revealed a correlation between the rate at which galaxies form stars and their X-ray luminosity. We combine this correlation with the most recent observational constraints on the integrated star formation rate (SFR) density and find that star-forming galaxies account for 5-20 per cent of the total soft and hard X-ray backgrounds, where the precise number depends on the energy band and the assumed average X-ray spectral energy distribution of the galaxies below similar to 20 keV. If we combine the L-X-SFR relation with recently derived SFR function, then we find that star-forming galaxies whose X-ray flux falls well (more than a factor of 10) below the detection thresholds of the Chandra Deep Fields can fully account for the unresolved soft X-ray background, which corresponds to similar to 6 per cent of its total. Motivated by this result, we put limits on the allowed redshift evolution of the parameter c(X) = L-X/SFR and/or its evolution towards lower and higher SFRs. If we parametrize the redshift evolution of c(X) proportional to (1 + z)(b), then we find that b <= 1.3 (95 per cent confidence level). On the other hand, the observed X-ray luminosity functions of star-forming galaxies indicate that c(X) may be increasing towards higher redshifts and/or higher SFRs at levels that are consistent with the X-ray background, but possibly at odds with the locally observed L-X-SFR relation.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412191
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