Implications of the eccentric Kozai–Lidov mechanism for stars surrounding supermassive black hole binaries
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CitationLi, Gongjie, Smadar Naoz, Bence Kocsis, and Abraham Loeb. 2015. “Implications of the Eccentric Kozai–Lidov Mechanism for Stars Surrounding Supermassive Black Hole Binaries.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 451 (2): 1341–49. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1031.
AbstractAn enhanced rate of stellar tidal disruption events (TDEs) may be an important characteristic of supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries at close separations. Here, we study the evolution of the distribution of stars around an SMBH binary due to the eccentric Kozai-Lidov (EKL) mechanism, including octupole effects and apsidal precession caused by the stellar mass distribution and general relativity. We identify a region around one of the SMBHs in the binary where the EKL mechanism drives stars to high eccentricities, which ultimately causes the stars to either scatter off the second SMBH or get disrupted. For SMBH masses 10(7) and 10(8) M-circle dot, the TDE rate can reach similar to 10(-2) yr(-1) and deplete a region of the stellar cusp around the secondary SMBH in similar to 0.5 Myr. As a result, the final geometry of the stellar distribution between 0.01 and 0.1 pc around the secondary SMBH is a torus. These effects may be even more prominent in nuclear stellar clusters hosting a supermassive and an intermediate mass black hole.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41412242
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