Quantum critical dynamics of the two-dimensional Bose gas
Dunkel, Emily R.
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CitationSachdev, Subir, and Emily R. Dunkel. 2006. “Quantum Critical Dynamics of the Two-Dimensional Bose Gas.” Physical Review B 73 (8). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.73.085116.
AbstractThe dilute, two-dimensional Bose gas exhibits a novel regime of relaxational dynamics in the regime k(B)T greater than or similar to vertical bar mu vertical bar where T is the absolute temperature and mu is the chemical potential. This may also be interpreted as the quantum criticality of the zero density quantum critical point at mu=0. We present a theory for this dynamic, to leading order in 1/ln[Lambda/(k(B)T)], where Lambda is a high energy cutoff. Although pairwise interactions between the bosons are weak at low energy scales, the collective dynamics are strongly coupled even when ln(Lambda/T) is large. We argue that the strong-coupling effects can be isolated in an effective classical model, which is then solved numerically. Applications to experiments on the gap-closing transition of spin-gap antiferromagnets in an applied field are presented.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41417243
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