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dc.contributor.authorSatija, Ambika
dc.contributor.authorHu, Frank
dc.contributor.authorBowen, Liza
dc.contributor.authorBharathi, Ankalmadugu
dc.contributor.authorVaz, Mario
dc.contributor.authorPrabhakaran, Dorairaj
dc.contributor.authorReddy, K. Srinath
dc.contributor.authorBen-Shlomo, Yoav
dc.contributor.authorSmith, George Davey
dc.contributor.authorKinra, Sanjay
dc.contributor.authorEbrahim, Shah
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-30T11:56:34Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationSatija, Ambika, Frank B Hu, Liza Bowen, Ankalmadugu V Bharathi, Mario Vaz, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, et al. 2015. “Dietary Patterns in India and Their Association with Obesity and Central Obesity.” Public Health Nutrition 18 (16): 3031–41. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980015000312.
dc.identifier.issn1368-9800
dc.identifier.issn1475-2727
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41426819*
dc.description.abstractObjective: Obesity is a growing problem in India, the dietary determinants of which have been studied using an 'individual food/nutrient' approach. Examining dietary patterns may provide more coherent findings, but few studies in developing countries have adopted this approach. The present study aimed to identify dietary patterns in an Indian population and assess their relationship with anthropometric risk factors. Design: FFQ data from the cross-sectional sib-pair Indian Migration Study (IMS; n 7067) were used to identify dietary patterns using principal component analysis. Mixed-effects logistic regression was used to examine associations with obesity and central obesity. Setting: The IMS was conducted at four factory locations across India: Lucknow, Nagpur, Hyderabad and Bangalore.Subjects: The participants were rural-to-urban migrant and urban non-migrant factory workers, their rural and urban resident siblings, and their co-resident spouses. Results: Three dietary patterns were identified: 'cereals-savoury foods' (cooked grains, rice/rice-based dishes, snacks, condiments, soups, nuts), 'fruit-veg-sweets-snacks' (Western cereals, vegetables, fruit, fruit juices, cooked milk products, snacks, sugars, sweets) and 'animal-food' (red meat, poultry, fish/seafood, eggs). In adjusted analysis, positive graded associations were found between the 'animal-food' pattern and both anthropometric risk factors. Moderate intake of the 'cereals-savoury foods' pattern was associated with reduced odds of obesity and central obesity. Conclusions: Distinct dietary patterns were identified in a large Indian sample, which were different from those identified in previous literature. A clear 'plant food-based/animal food-based pattern' dichotomy emerged, with the latter being associated with higher odds of anthropometric risk factors. Longitudinal studies are needed to further clarify this relationship in India.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleDietary patterns in India and their association with obesity and central obesity
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.description.versionVersion of Record
dc.relation.journalPublic Health Nutrition
dash.depositing.authorHu, Frank B.::47e5696036c51681ef5e0e5da5872807::600
dc.date.available2019-09-30T11:56:34Z
dash.workflow.comments1Science Serial ID 92464
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1368980015000312
dash.source.volume18;16
dash.source.page3031


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