A Yeast Golgi E-type ATPase with an Unusual Membrane Topology
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CitationZhong, Xiaotian, and Guido Guidotti. 1999. “A Yeast Golgi E-Type ATPase with an Unusual Membrane Topology.” Journal of Biological Chemistry 274 (46): 32704–11. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.46.32704.
AbstractE-type ATPases are involved in many biological processes such as modulation of neural cell activity, prevention of intravascular thrombosis, and protein glycosylation. In this study, we show that a gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, identified by similarity to that of animal ectoapyrase CD39, codes for a new member of the E-type ATPase family (Apy1p). Overexpression of Apy1p in yeast cells causes an increase in intracellular membrane-bound nucleoside di- and triphosphate hydrolase activity. The activity is highest with ADP as substrate and is stimulated similarly by Ca (2+), Mg2+, and Mn2+. The results also indicate that Apy1p is an integral membrane protein located predominantly in the Golgi compartment. Sequence analysis reveals that Apy1p contains one large NH2-terminal hydrophilic apyrase domain, one COOH-terminal hydrophilic domain, and two hydrophobic stretches in the central region of the polypeptide. Although no signal sequence is found at the NH2-terminal portion of the protein and no NH2-terminal cleavage of the protein is oh served, demonstrated by the detection of NH2-terminal tagged Apy1p, the NH2-terminal domain of Apy1p is on the luminal side of the Golgi apparatus, and the COOH-terminal hydrophilic domain binds to the cytoplasmic face of the Golgi membrane. The second hydrophobic stretch of Apy1p is the transmembrane domain. These results indicate that Apy1p is a type III transmembrane protein; however, the size of the Apy1p extracytoplasmic NH, terminus is much larger than those of other type III transmembrane proteins, suggesting that a novel translocation mechanism is utilized.
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