Multi-step control of muscle diversity by Hox proteins in the Drosophila embryo
Philippakis, Anthony A.
Bulyk, Martha L.
Michelson, Alan M.
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CitationEnriquez, J., H. Boukhatmi, L. Dubois, A. A. Philippakis, M. L. Bulyk, A. M. Michelson, M. Crozatier, and A. Vincent. 2010. “Multi-Step Control of Muscle Diversity by Hox Proteins in the Drosophila Embryo.” Development 137 (3): 457–66. https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.045286.
AbstractHox transcription factors control many aspects of animal morphogenetic diversity. The segmental pattern of Drosophila larval muscles shows stereotyped variations along the anteroposterior body axis. Each muscle is seeded by a founder cell and the properties specific to each muscle reflect the expression by each founder cell of a specific combination of 'identity' transcription factors. Founder cells originate from asymmetric division of progenitor cells specified at fixed positions. Using the dorsal DA3 muscle lineage as a paradigm, we show here that Hox proteins play a decisive role in establishing the pattern of Drosophila muscles by controlling the expression of identity transcription factors, such as Nautilus and Collier (Col), at the progenitor stage. High-resolution analysis, using newly designed intron-containing reporter genes to detect primary transcripts, shows that the progenitor stage is the key step at which segment-specific information carried by Hox proteins is superimposed on intrasegmental positional information. Differential control of col transcription by the Antennapedia and Ultrabithorax/Abdominal-A paralogs is mediated by separate cis-regulatory modules (CRMs). Hox proteins also control the segment-specific number of myoblasts allocated to the DA3 muscle. We conclude that Hox proteins both regulate and contribute to the combinatorial code of transcription factors that specify muscle identity and act at several steps during the muscle-specification process to generate muscle diversity.
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