Nuclear Localization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Preintegration Complexes (PICs): V165A and R166A Are Pleiotropic Integrase Mutants Primarily Defective for Integration, Not PIC Nuclear Import
Ghory, Hina Z.
Silver, Pamela A.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLimon, A., E. Devroe, R. Lu, H. Z. Ghory, P. A. Silver, and A. Engelman. 2002. “Nuclear Localization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Preintegration Complexes (PICs): V165A and R166A Are Pleiotropic Integrase Mutants Primarily Defective for Integration, Not PIC Nuclear Import.” Journal of Virology 76 (21): 10598–607. https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.76.21.10598-10607.2002.
AbstractRetroviral replication requires the integration of reverse-transcribed viral cDNA into a cell chromosome. A key barrier to forming the integrated provirus is the nuclear envelope, and numerous regions in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) have been shown to aid the nuclear localization of viral preintegration complexes (PICs) in infected cells. One region in integrase (IN), composed of Val-165 and Arg-166, was reportedly essential for HIV-1 replication and nuclear localization in all cell types. In this study we confirmed that HIV-1(V165A) and HIV-1(R166A) were replication defective and that less mutant viral cDNA localized to infected cell nuclei. However, we present three lines of evidence that argue against a specific role for Val-165 and Arg-166 in PIC nuclear import. First, results of transient transfections revealed that V165A FLAG-tagged IN and green fluorescent protein-IN fusions carrying either V165A or R166A predominantly localized to cell nuclei. Second, two different strains of previously described class II IN mutant viruses displayed similar nuclear entry profiles to those observed for HIV-1(V165A) and HIV-1(R166A), suggesting that defective nuclear import may be a common phenotype of replication-defective IN mutant viruses. Third, V165A and R166A mutants were defective for in vitro integration activity, when assayed both as PICs isolated from infected T-cells and as recombinant IN proteins purified from Escherichia coli. Based on these results, we conclude that HIV-1(V165A) and HIV-1(R166A) are pleiotropic mutants primarily defective for IN catalysis and that Val-165 and Arg-166 do not play a specific role in the nuclear localization of HIV-1 PICs in infected cells.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41483063
- HMS Scholarly Articles