A singular enzymatic megacomplex from Bacillus subtilis
Straight, Paul D.
Fischbach, Michael A.
Walsh, Christopher T.
Rudner, David Z.
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CitationStraight, P. D., M. A. Fischbach, C. T. Walsh, D. Z. Rudner, and R. Kolter. 2006. “A Singular Enzymatic Megacomplex from Bacillus Subtilis.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 (1): 305–10. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0609073103.
AbstractNonribosomal pepticle synthetases (NRPS), polyketide synthases (PKS), and hybrid NRPS/PKS are of particular interest, because they produce numerous therapeutic agents, have great potential for engineering novel compounds, and are the largest enzymes known. The predicted masses of known enzymatic assembly lines can reach almost 5 megadaltons, dwarfing even the ribosome (approximate to 2.6 megadaltons). Despite their uniqueness and importance, little is known about the organization of these enzymes within the native producer cells. Here we report that an 80-kb gene cluster, which occupies approximate to 2% of the Bacillus subtilis genome, encodes the subunits of approximate to 2.5 megadalton active hybrid NRPS/PKS. Many copies of the NRPS/PKS assemble into a single organelle-like membrane-associated complex of tens to hundreds of megadaltons. Such an enzymatic megacomplex is unprecedented in bacterial subcellular organization and has important implications for engineering novel NRPS/PKSs.
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