Five of Five VHHs Neutralizing Poliovirus Bind the Receptor-Binding Site
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CitationStrauss, Mike, Lise Schotte, Bert Thys, David J. Filman, and James M. Hogle. 2016. “Five of Five VHHs Neutralizing Poliovirus Bind the Receptor-Binding Site.” Edited by T. S. Dermody. Journal of Virology 90 (7): 3496–3505. https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.03017-15.
AbstractNanobodies, or VHHs, that recognize poliovirus type 1 have previously been selected and characterized as candidates for antiviral agents or reagents for standardization of vaccine quality control. In this study, we present high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of poliovirus with five neutralizing VHHs. All VHHs bind the capsid in the canyon at sites that extensively overlap the poliovirus receptor-binding site. In contrast, the interaction involves a unique (and surprisingly extensive) surface for each of the five VHHs. Five regions of the capsid were found to participate in binding with all five VHHs. Four of these five regions are known to alter during the expansion of the capsid associated with viral entry. Interestingly, binding of one of the VHHs, PVSS21E, resulted in significant changes of the capsid structure and thus seems to trap the virus in an early stage of expansion.
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