Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein Is a Calcium-binding Protein, and a Mutation in Its Type 3 Repeats Causes Conformational Changes
Hecht, Jacqueline T.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationChen, Hui, Michelle Deere, Jacqueline T. Hecht, and Jack Lawler. 2000. “Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein Is a Calcium-Binding Protein, and a Mutation in Its Type 3 Repeats Causes Conformational Changes.” Journal of Biological Chemistry 275 (34): 26538–44. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m909780199.
AbstractMutations in residues in the type 3 calcium-binding repeats and COOH-terminal globular region of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) lead to two skeletal dysplasias, pseudoachondroplasia and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, It has been hypothesized that these mutations cause COMP to misfold and to be retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, However, this hypothesis is not supported by previous reports that COMP, when purified in the presence of EDTA, shows no obvious difference in electron microscopic appearance in the presence or absence of calcium ions. Since this discrepancy may be due to the removal of calcium during purification, we have expressed wild-type COMP and the most common mutant form found in pseudoachondroplasia, MUT3, using a mammalian expression system and have purified both proteins in the presence of calcium. Both proteins are expressed as pentamers, Direct calcium binding experiments demonstrate that wild-type COMP, when purified in the presence of calcium, is a calcium-binding protein, Rotary shadowing electron microscopy and Limited trypsin digestion at various calcium concentrations show that there are conformational changes associated with calcium binding to COMP, Whereas COMB exists in a more compact conformation in the presence of calcium, it shows a more extended conformation when calcium is removed. MUT3, with a single aspartic acid deletion in the type 3 repeats, binds less calcium and presents an intermediate conformation between the calcium-replete and calcium depleted forms of COMP, In conclusion, we show that a single mutation in the type 3 repeats of COMP causes the mutant protein to misfold, Our data demonstrate the importance of calcium binding to the structure of COMP and provide a plausible explanation for the observation that mutations in the type 3 repeats and COOH-terminal globular region lead to pseudoachondroplasia.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41483166
- HMS Scholarly Articles