Novel Docosatrienes and 17s-resolvins Generated From Docosahexaenoic Acid in Murine Brain, Human Blood, and Glial Cells. Autacoids in Anti-inflammation
Devchand, Pallavi R.
Serhan, Charles N.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationHong, Song, Karsten Gronert, Pallavi R. Devchand, Rose-Laure Moussignac, and Charles N. Serhan. 2003. “Novel Docosatrienes and 17S-Resolvins Generated from Docosahexaenoic Acid in Murine Brain, Human Blood, and Glial Cells.” Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (17): 14677–87. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m300218200.
AbstractDocosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6) is highly enriched in brain, synapses, and retina and is a major w-3 fatty acid. Deficiencies in this essential fatty acid are reportedly associated with neuronal function, cancer, and inflammation. Here, using new lipidomic analyses employing high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode-array detector and a tandem mass spectrometer, a novel series of endogenous mediators was identified in blood, leukocytes, brain, and glial cells as 17S-hydroxy-containing docosanoids denoted as docosatrienes (the main bioactive member of the series was 10,17S-docosatriene) and 17S series resolvins. These novel mediators were biosynthesized via epoxide-containing intermediates and proved potent (pico- to nanomolar range) regulators of both leukocytes reducing infiltration in vivo and glial cells blocking their cytokine production. These results indicate that DHA is the precursor to potent protective mediators generated via enzymatic oxygenations to novel docosatrienes and 17S series resolvins that each regulate events of interest in inflammation and resolution.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41483502
- HMS Scholarly Articles