Amelioration of Child Depression Through Behavioral Parent Training: A Preliminary Study
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CitationEckshtain, Dikla, Sofie Kuppens, and John R Weisz. 2017. Amelioration of Child Depression Through Behavioral Parent Training: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 46, no. 4: 611-618.
AbstractChild depression is an impairing condition for which tested treatments have shown relatively modest mean effects. One possible explanation is that the treatments have generally adopted an individual child focus, without addressing the dysfunctional parent-child interactions that often accompany child depression. The present study provides preliminary evidence bearing on this hypothesis, using data from a treatment outcome study in which clinically referred children with a depression diagnosis could receive individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) focusing on the depression or behavioral parent training (BPT) focusing on comorbid conduct problems. Among children in the study who met criteria for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) depressive disorders, we identified two groups, matched on gender and age: 15 who received only CBT focused on child depression and 15 who received only BPT focused on child conduct problems. Children were 7 to 13, 20 of whom were male, and race included Caucasian (17), Latino (5), African American (2), and multirace (6). Measures assessed depressive diagnoses and symptoms, as well as parenting stress. Analyses focused on whether BPT alone might lead to reduced depression, and if so how that reduction would compare to the depression reduction achieved through CBT that focused on depression. Both groups showed significant reductions from pre- to post-treatment in depressive diagnoses and depression symptoms, and there were no BPT versus CBT group differences at post-treatment. BPT that focuses on child conduct problems, with no emphasis on depression treatment, may produce significant depression reduction in comorbid children who meet criteria for depressive disorders.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41531369
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