Mek1 Phosphorylation Site Mutants Activate Raf-1 in NIH 3T3 Cells
Erikson, Raymond L.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAlessandrini, Alessandro, Heidi Greulich, Weidong Huang, and Raymond L. Erikson. 1996. “Mek1 Phosphorylation Site Mutants Activate Raf-1 in NIH 3T3 Cells.” Journal of Biological Chemistry271 (49): 31612–18. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.271.49.31612.
AbstractMAP (mitogen-activated protein) kinases are activated by a family of dual specificity kinases called Meks (MAP kinase/Erk kinase). Mek1 can be activated by Raf by phosphorylation on serine 218 and serine 222. Mutation of these sites to acidic residues leads to constitutively active Mek1 in some cases, When fibroblast Lines were infected with high titer retroviral stocks carrying these Mek1 genes, the resultant transformation and morphological changes correlated with the kinase activity of the respective Mek1 enzymes. Although [Asp(218)]and [Asp(218),Asp(222)]Mek immunoprecipitated from clonal cell lines could phosphorylate kinase-inactive Erk1 equally well in vitro, the endogenous MAP kinase activity was 5-7-fold greater in [Asp(218)]Mek1-infected clonal Lines, and did not correlate with the degree of transformation. Analysis of the Erk1 pathway revealed Raf-l activation, which correlated qualitatively with the MAP kinase activity seen in the [Asp(218)]. and [Asp(218),Asp(222)]Mek1-infected clonal cell lines. Expression of dominant negative Ras did not affect the elevated Raf-1 activity observed in these cells, however. These data suggest that Mek1 phosphorylation site mutants activate Raf-1 and MAP kinase by a Ras-independent pathway and that the mechanism by which transformation occurs may utilize pathways that are MAP kinase-independent.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41534439
- FAS Scholarly Articles