Protein Phosphatase 2A Reactivates FOXO3a through a Dynamic Interplay with 14-3-3 and AKT
Tanya Santos, Maria
Hahn, William C.
Newmeyer, Donald D.
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CitationSingh, Amrik, Min Ye, Octavian Bucur, Shudong Zhu, Maria Tanya Santos, Isaac Rabinovitz, Wenyi Wei, Daming Gao, William C. Hahn, and Roya Khosravi-Far. 2010. “Protein Phosphatase 2A Reactivates FOXO3a through a Dynamic Interplay with 14-3-3 and AKT.” Edited by Donald D. Newmeyer. Molecular Biology of the Cell 21 (6): 1140–52. doi:10.1091/mbc.e09-09-0795.
AbstractForkhead box transcription factor FOXO3a, a key regulator of cell survival, is regulated by reversible phosphorylation and subcellular localization. Although the kinases regulating FOXO3a activity have been characterized, the role of protein phosphatases (PP) in the control of FOXO3a subcellular localization and function is unknown. In this study, we detected a robust interaction between FOXO3a and PP2A. We further demonstrate that 14-3-3, while not impeding the interaction between PP2A and FOXO3a, restrains its activity toward AKT phosphorylation sites T32/S253. Disruption of PP2A function revealed that after AKT inhibition, PP2A-mediated dephosphorylation of T32/S253 is required for dissociation of 14-3-3, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation of FOXO3a. Our findings reveal that distinct phosphatases dephosphorylate conserved AKT motifs within the FOXO family and that PP2A is entwined in a dynamic interplay with AKT and 14-3-3 to directly regulate FOXO3a subcellular localization and transcriptional activation.
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