Protective Immunoglobulin a and G Antibodies Bind to Overlapping Intersubunit Epitopes in the Head Domain of Type 1 Reovirus Adhesin σ1
Miller, Cathy L.
Myers, Kimberly S.
Neutra, Marian R.
Nibert, Max L.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationHelander, A., C. L. Miller, K. S. Myers, M. R. Neutra, and M. L. Nibert. 2004. “Protective Immunoglobulin A and G Antibodies Bind to Overlapping Intersubunit Epitopes in the Head Domain of Type 1 Reovirus Adhesin 1.” Journal of Virology 78 (19): 10695–705. doi:10.1128/JVI.78.19.10695-10705.2004.
AbstractNonfusogenic mammalian orthoreovirus (reovirus) is an enteric pathogen of mice and a useful model for studies of how an enteric virus crosses the mucosal barrier of its host and is subject to control by the mucosal immune system. We recently generated and characterized a new murine immunoglobulin A (IgA)-class monoclonal antibody (MAb), 1E1, that binds to the adhesin fiber, sigma1, of reovirus type 1 Lang (T1L) and thereby neutralizes the infectivity of that strain in cell culture. 1E1 is produced in hybridoma cultures as a mixture of monomers, dimers, and higher polymers and is protective against peroral challenges with T1L either when the MAb is passively administered or when it is secreted into the intestines of mice hearing subcutaneous hybridoma tumors. In the present study, selection and analysis of mutants resistant to neutralization by 1E1 identified the region of T1L sigma1 to which the MAb binds. The region bound by a previously characterized type 1 sigma1-specific neutralizing IgG MAb, 5C6, was identified in the same way. Each of the 15 mutants isolated and analyzed was found to be much less sensitive to neutralization by either 1E1 or 5C6, suggesting the two MAbs bind to largely overlapping regions of sigma1. The tested mutants retained the capacity to recognize specific glycoconjugate receptors on rabbit M cells and cultured epithelial cells, even though viral binding to epithelial cells was inhibited by both MAbs. S1 sequence determinations for 12 of the mutants identified sigma1 mutations at four positions between residues 415 and 447, which contribute to forming the receptor-binding head domain. When aligned with the sigma1 sequence of reovirus type 3 Dearing (T3D) and mapped onto the previously reported crystal structure of the T3D sigma1 trimer, the four positions cluster on the side of the sigma1 head, across the interface between two subunits. Three such interface-spanning epitopes are thus present per sigma1 trimer and require the intact quaternary structure of the head domain for MAb binding. Identification of these intersubunit epitopes on sigma1 opens the way for further studies of the mechanisms of antibody-based neutralization and protection with type 1 reoviruses.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41543044
- HMS Scholarly Articles