Sustained activation of Ras/Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade by the tumor suppressor p53
Lee, Sam W.
Lu, Kun Ping
Aaronson, Stuart A.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLee, S. W., L. Fang, M. Igarashi, T. Ouchi, K. P. Lu, and S. A. Aaronson. 2000. “Sustained Activation of Ras/Raf/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Cascade by the Tumor Suppressor P53.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (15): 8302–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.150024397.
AbstractThe p53 tumor suppressor gene can inhibit proliferation transiently, induce permanent cell-cycle arrest/senescence. or cause apoptosis depending on the cellular context. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is known to play a crucial role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Moreover, the duration and intensity of MAPK activation can profoundly influence the biological response observed. We demonstrated that a sustained activation of MAPK cascade could be induced by wild-type p53 expression but not by p21(Waf1/Cip1). Furthermore, exposure of normal cells to DNA-damaging agents induced MAPK activation in a p53-dependent manner. Tumor-derived p53 mutants defective in DNA binding failed to activate MAPK. implying that p53 transcriptional activity is essential for this function. Finally, activation of MAPK by p53 was inhibited by expression of dominant-negative Ras (N17Ras) and Raf1 mutants, indicating that MAPK activation by p53 is mediated at a level upstream of Ras. All of these findings establish a biochemical link between p53 signaling and the Ras/Raf/MAPK cascade.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41543066
- HMS Scholarly Articles