Epstein–Barr virus latent infection membrane protein 1 TRAF-binding site induces NIK/IKKα-dependent noncanonical NF-κB activation
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CitationLuftig, M., T. Yasui, V. Soni, M.-S. Kang, N. Jacobson, E. Cahir-McFarland, B. Seed, and E. Kieff. 2003. “Epstein-Barr Virus Latent Infection Membrane Protein 1 TRAF-Binding Site Induces NIK/IKK -Dependent Noncanonical NF- B Activation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101 (1). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: 141–46. doi:10.1073/pnas.2237183100.
AbstractEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent infection membrane protein 1 (LMP1)-induced NF-kappaB activation is important for infected cell survival. LMP1 activates NF-kappaB, in part, by engaging tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factors (TRAFs), which also mediate NF-kappaB activation from LTbetaR and CD40. LTbetaR and CD40 activation of p100/NF-kappaB2 is now known to be NIK/IKKalpha-dependent and IKKbeta/IKKgamma independent. In the experiments described here, we found that EBV LMP1 induced p100/NF-kappaB2 processing in human lymphoblasts and HEK293 cells. LMP1-induced p100 processing was NIK/IKKalpha dependent and IKKbeta/IKKgamma independent. Furthermore, the LMP1 TRAF-binding site was required for p100 processing and p52 nuclear localization, whereas the LMP1 death domain binding site was not. Moreover, the LMP1 TRAF-binding site preferentially caused RelB nuclear accumulation. In murine embryo fibroblasts (MEFs), IKKbeta was essential for LMP1 up-regulation of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2, TNFalpha, I-TAC, ELC, MIG, and CXCR4 RNAs. Interestingly, in IKKalpha knockout MEFs, LMP1 hyperinduced MIP-2, TNFalpha, and I-TAC expression, consistent with a role for IKKalpha in down-modulating canonical IKKbeta activation or its effects. In contrast, LMP1 failed to up-regulate CXCR4 and MIG RNA in IKKalpha knockout MEFs, indicating a dependence on noncanonical IKKalpha activation. Furthermore, LMP1 up-regulation of MIP-2 RNA in MEFs was both IKKbeta- and IKKgamma-dependent, whereas LMP1 upregulation of MIG and I-TAC RNA was fully IKKgamma independent. Thus, LMP1 induces typical canonical IKKbeta/IKKgamma-dependent, atypical canonical IKKbeta/IKKgamma-independent, and noncanonical NIK/IKKalpha-dependent NF-kappaB activations; NIK/IKKalpha-dependent NF-kappaB activation is principally mediated by the LMP1 TRAF-binding site.
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