Involvement of the TCR Cβ FG Loop in Thymic Selection and T Cell Function
Clayton, Linda K.
Reinherz, Ellis L.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationSasada, Tetsuro, Maki Touma, Hsiu-Ching Chang, Linda K. Clayton, Jia-huai Wang, and Ellis L. Reinherz. 2002. “Involvement of the TCR Cβ FG Loop in Thymic Selection and T Cell Function.” The Journal of Experimental Medicine 195 (11). Rockefeller University Press: 1419–31. doi:10.1084/jem.20020119.
AbstractThe asymmetric disposition of T cell receptor (TCR) Cbeta and Calpha ectodomains creates a cavity with a side-wall formed by the rigid Cbeta FG loop. To investigate the significance of this conserved structure, we generated loop deletion (betaDeltaFG) and betawt transgenic (tg) mice using the TCR P subunit of the N15 CTL. N15betawt and N15betaDeltaFG H-2(b) animals have comparable numbers of thymocytes in S phase and manifest developmental progression through the CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative (DN) compartment. N15betaDeltaFG facilitates transition from DN to CD4(+)8(+) double-positive (DP) thymocytes in recombinase activating gene (RAG)-2(-/-) mice, showing that pre-TCR function remains. N15betaDeltaFG animals possess similar totwofold more CD8(+) single-positive (SP) thymocytes and lymph node T cells, consistent with enhanced positive selection. As an altered Vet repertoire observed in N15betaDeltaFG mice may confound the deletion's effect, we crossed N15alphabeta TCR tg RAG-2(-/-) with N15betaDeltaFG tg RAG-2(-/-) H-2(b) mice to generate N15alphabeta RAG-2(-/-) and N15alphabeta.betaDeltaFG RAG-2(-/-) littermates. N15alphabeta.betaDeltaFG RAG-2(-/-) mice show an 8-10-fold increase in DP thymocytes due to reduced negative selection, as evidenced by diminished constitutive and cognate peptide-induced apoptosis. Compared with N15alphabeta, N15alphabeta.betaDeltaFG T cells respond poorly to cognate antigens and weak agonists. Thus, the Cbeta FG loop facilitates negative selection of thymocytes and activation of T cells.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41555755
- HMS Scholarly Articles