Medical Subdomain Classification of Clinical Notes Using a Machine Learning-Based Natural Language Processing Approach
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CitationWeng, Wei-Hung. 2017. Medical Subdomain Classification of Clinical Notes Using a Machine Learning-Based Natural Language Processing Approach. Master's thesis, Harvard Medical School.
The medical subdomain of a clinical note, such as cardiology or neurology, is useful content-derived metadata for developing machine learning downstream applications. To classify the medical subdomain of a note accurately, we have constructed a machine learning-based natural language processing (NLP) pipeline and developed medical subdomain classifiers based on the content of the note.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
We constructed the pipeline using the clinical NLP system, clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System (cTAKES), the UMLS Metathesaurus, Semantic Network, and learning algorithms to extract features from two datasets — clinical notes from Integrating Data for Analysis, Anonymization, and Sharing (iDASH) data repository (n = 431) and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) (n = 91,237), and built medical subdomain classifiers with different combinations of clinical feature representations and learning algorithms. We evaluated the performance of classifiers and their portability across the two datasets.
The linear support vector machine-trained medical subdomain classifier using hybrid bag-of-words and clinically relevant UMLS concepts as the feature representation, with term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf)-weighting, outperformed other classifiers on iDASH and MGH datasets with F1 scores of 0.932 and 0.934, and areas under curve (AUC) of 0.957 and 0.964, respectively. We trained classifiers on one dataset, applied to the other dataset and yielded the threshold of F1 score of 0.7 in classifiers for half of medical subdomains.
Our study shows that a supervised learning-based NLP approach is useful to develop medical subdomain classifiers. Portable classifiers may also be used across datasets from different institutions.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41940982