Moderate Intravenous Sedation for First Trimester Surgical Abortion: A Comparison of Adverse Outcomes Between Obese and Normal Weight Women
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CitationHorwitz, Gillian. 2018. Moderate Intravenous Sedation for First Trimester Surgical Abortion: A Comparison of Adverse Outcomes Between Obese and Normal Weight Women. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard Medical School.
AbstractObjective: To determine if obese women experience increased rates of adverse outcomes with moderate intravenous sedation during first trimester surgical abortion compared to normal weight women.
Study Design: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all first trimester surgical abortions with moderate intravenous sedation at an outpatient facility between September 2010 and June 2015. The primary outcome was supplemental oxygen administration. Secondary outcomes included reversal agent administration, anesthesia-related adverse events, and intraoperative lowest level of consciousness (LLOC). We compared three obesity groups [I (Body Mass Index, BMI=30-34.9), II (BMI=35-39.9), and III (BMI≥40)] to normal weight women (BMI<25). We exported data from electronic medical records and reviewed adverse outcomes individually.
Results: Of 20,381 first trimester surgical abortion procedures, 31 (0.15%) utilized supplemental oxygen, 24 (0.12%) utilized a reversal agent, 40 (0.20%) had a presumed anesthesia-related adverse event and 184 of 19,725 (0.93%) had a documented low intraoperative LLOC. One patient (0.005%) required hospital transfer or hospitalization. Supplemental oxygen administration (obesity versus normal weight: obese I, aOR 0.52, 95% CI 0.12-2.27; II/III, aOR 1.51, 95% CI 0.50-4.54), low intraoperative LLOC, and anesthesia-related adverse events were not associated with obesity. The rate of reversal agent administration was lower among obese I, II and III women combined compared to normal weight women (aOR 0.13, 95% CI 0.02-0.96).
Conclusions: Adverse outcomes were rare across all BMI categories with no detectable increased risk among obese women compared to normal weight women.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41973517