Traversable Wormholes and Regenesis
CitationGao, Ping. 2019. Traversable Wormholes and Regenesis. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractIn this dissertation we study a novel solution of traversable wormholes in the context of AdS/CFT. This type of traversable wormhole is the first such solution that has been shown to be embeddable in a UV complete theory of gravity. We discuss its property from points of view of both semiclassical gravity and general chaotic system.
On gravity side, after turning on an interaction that couples the two boundaries of an eternal BTZ black hole, in chapter 2 we find a quantum matter stress tensor with negative average null energy, whose gravitational backreaction renders the Einstein-Rosen bridge traversable. Such a traversable wormhole has an interesting interpretation in the context of ER=EPR, which we suggest might be related to quantum teleportation. However, it cannot be used to violate causality. We also discuss the implications for the energy and holographic entropy in the dual CFT description.
The gravity solution of this traversable wormhole indicates that in holographic systems signals generated by a source could reappear long after they have dissipated, with the need of only performing some simple operations.
In chapter 3, we argue the phenomenon, to which we refer as "regenesis", is universal in general quantum chaotic many-body systems, and elucidate its underlying physics. The essential elements behind the phenomenon are: (i) scrambling which in a chaotic system makes out-of-time-ordered correlation functions (OTOCs) vanish at large times; (ii) the entanglement structure of the state of the system. The latter aspect also implies that the regenesis phenomenon requires fine tuning of the initial state. Compared to other manifestations of quantum chaos such as the initial growth of OTOCs which deals with early times, and a random matrix-type energy spectrum which reflects very large time behavior, regenesis concerns with intermediate times, of order the scrambling time of a system. We also study the phenomenon in detail in general two-dimensional conformal field theories in the large central charge limit, and highlight some interesting features including a resonant enhancement of regenesis signals near the scrambling time and their oscillations in coupling. Finally, we discuss gravity implications of the phenomenon for systems with a gravity dual, arguing that there exist regimes for which traversability of a wormhole is quantum in nature, i.e. cannot be associated with a semi-classical spacetime causal structure.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:42029626
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