Bootstrapping High-Energy States in Conformal Field Theories
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CitationMukhametzhanov, Baurzhan. 2019. Bootstrapping High-Energy States in Conformal Field Theories. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractWe analyze the operator spectrum of Conformal Field Theories at large conformal dimensions $\Delta$ with and without global symmetries. General constraints of crossing symmetry and unitarity allow us to extract a number of universal properties of heavy operator spectrum perturbatively in $1\over \Delta$.
First, we consider four-point correlators and solve crossing equations in the deep Euclidean regime. Large scaling dimension $\Delta$ tails of the weighted spectral density of primary operators of given spin in one channel are matched to the Euclidean OPE data in the other channel. Subleading $1\over \Delta$ tails are systematically captured by including more operators in the Euclidean OPE in the dual channel. We use dispersion relations for conformal partial waves in the complex $\Delta$ plane, the Lorentzian inversion formula and complex tauberian theorems to derive this result. We make predictions for the 3d Ising model.
Second, we apply the methods of tauberian theory to modular invariance in 2d CFTs. We derive lower and upper bounds on the number of operators within a given energy interval. At high energies we rigorously derive the Cardy formula for the microcanonical entropy together with optimal error estimates for various widths of the averaging energy shell. We identify a new universal contribution to the microcanonical entropy controlled by the central charge and the width of the shell. We derive an upper bound on the spacings between Virasoro primaries. Analogous results are obtained in holographic 2d CFTs.
Third, we consider unitary CFTs with continuous global symmetries in $d>2$. We consider a state created by the lightest operator of large charge $Q \gg 1$ and analyze the correlator of two light charged operators in this state. Assuming the correlator admits a well-defined large $Q$ expansion and, relatedly, that the macroscopic (thermodynamic) limit of the correlator exists, we find that the crossing equations admit a consistent truncation, where only a finite number $N$ of Regge trajectories contribute at leading nontrivial order. We classify all such solutions to the crossing. For one Regge trajectory $N=1$, the solution is unique and given by the effective field theory of a Goldstone mode.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:42029769
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