DXplain Mobile: An Assessment of a Smartphone-Based Expert Diagnostic System
Hamilton, Baker H.
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CitationHamilton, Baker H. 2016. DXplain Mobile: An Assessment of a Smartphone-Based Expert Diagnostic System. Master's thesis, Harvard Medical School.
AbstractObjectives: Clinical decision support tools may help reduce diagnostic error, and improving the accessibility and usability of these tools may encourage more frequent use. We have developed a novel, self-contained, iPhone-based implementation of DXplain, a popular diagnostic decision support system. In this study we evaluated the diagnostic agreement of this new application compared to the standard web-based version of DXplain.
Methods: A native DXplain application for iOS was developed, with modifications made to DXplain’s original database to maintain acceptable performance within the more limited form factor of a smartphone. Each of the 41 Clinical Pathological Cases (CPCs) from the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in 2015 were entered into the smartphone application as well as the standard version of DXplain, and the ranking of each case’s final diagnosis was compared.
Results: DXplain’s database contained 52 of the 65 final diagnoses found within the CPCs (80%), and this set of final diagnoses appeared within the calculated differential of both versions of the software in 38 instances (73%). In 21 of these cases (55%) the iOS application and the web version of DXplain agreed exactly on the position of the final diagnosis, and the weighted kappa score for agreement between the 38 diagnoses was 0.83 (95% CI 0.76 - 0.90).
Conclusions: DXplain for iOS appears to have strong agreement with the traditional web version of DXplain. Diagnostic discrepancies against actual cases should be explored to improve the underlying algorithms and knowledge base. Additional usability testing should also be performed, with a possible pilot study of user interaction and satisfaction prior to an official release of the application.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:42061446