Functional Genomics of the Rapidly Replicating Bacterium Vibrio Natriegens by CRISPRi
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CitationLee, Henry H., Nili Ostrov, Brandon G. Wong, Michaela A. Gold, Ahmad S. Khalil, and George M. Church.2019. Functional Genomics of the Rapidly Replicating Bacterium Vibrio Natriegens by CRISPRi. Nature Microbiology 4, no. 7: 1105-113.
AbstractThe fast growing Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio natriegens is an attractive microbial system for molecular biology and biotechnology due to its remarkable short generation time1,2 and metabolic prowess3,4. However, efforts to uncover and utilize the mechanisms underlying its rapid growth are hampered by the scarcity of functional genomic data. Here, we develop a pooled genome-wide CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) screen to identify a minimal set of genes required for rapid wild-type growth. Targeting 4,565 (99.7%) of predicted protein-coding genes, our screen uncovered core genes composed of putative essentials and growth-supporting genes which are enriched for respiratory pathways. We found 96% of core genes to be located on the larger chromosome 1, with growth-neutral duplicates of core gene located primarily on chromosome 2. Our screen also refines metabolic pathway annotations by distinguishing functional biosynthetic enzymes from those predicted based on comparative genomics. Taken together, this work provides a broadly applicable platform for high-throughput functional genomics to accelerate biological studies and engineering of V. natriegens.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:42083015
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