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dc.contributor.authorSchmader, Toni
dc.contributor.authorForbes, Chad E.
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Shen
dc.contributor.authorMendes, Wendy Berry
dc.date.accessioned2010-06-14T17:26:25Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationSchmader, Toni, Chad E. Forbes, Shen Zhang, and Wendy Berry Mendes. 2009. A metacognitive perspective on the cognitive deficits experienced in intellectually threatening environments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 35(5): 584-596.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0146-1672en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4214929
dc.description.abstractThree studies tested the hypothesis that negative metacognitive interpretations of anxious arousal under stereotype threat create cognitive deficits in intellectually threatening environments. Study 1 showed that among minority and White undergraduates, anxiety about an intelligence test predicted lower working memory when participants were primed with doubt as compared to confidence. Study 2 replicated this pattern with women and showed it to be unique to intellectually threatening environments. Study 3 used emotional reappraisal as an individual difference measure of the tendency to metacognitively reinterpret negative emotions and found that when sympathetic activation was high (indexed by salivary alpha-amylase), women who tended to reappraise negative feelings performed better in math and felt less self-doubt than those low in reappraisal. Overall, findings highlight how metacognitive interpretations of affect can undermine cognitive efficiency under stereotype threat and offer implications for the situational and individual difference variables that buffer people from these effects.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPsychologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1177/0146167208330450en_US
dash.licenseOAP
dc.subjectstereotype threaten_US
dc.subjecttest performanceen_US
dc.subjectworking memoryen_US
dc.subjectanxietyen_US
dc.subjectsympathetic activationen_US
dc.subjectemotional reappraisalen_US
dc.titleA Metacognitive Perspective on the Cognitive Deficits Experienced in Intellectually Threatening Environmentsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletinen_US
dash.depositing.authorMendes, Wendy Berry
dc.date.available2010-06-14T17:26:25Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0146167208330450*
dash.contributor.affiliatedMendes, Wendy


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