In vitro and in vivo studies on the importance of the soluble guanylyl cyclase a1 subunit in penile erection
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Van de Voorde, Johan
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CitationDecaluwé, Kelly, Sofie Nimmegeers, Robrecht Thoonen, Emmanuel Buys, Peter Brouckaert, and Johan Van de Voorde. 2010. “In Vitro and in Vivo Studies on the Importance of the Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase a1 Subunit in Penile Erection.” World Journal of Urology 28 (5) (January 23): 643–650. doi:10.1007/s00345-010-0509-7.
AbstractPurpose: Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), which plays a pivotal role in penile erection, is a heterodimer build up by an α and a β subunit. For both subunits two isoforms have been characterized, but only the sGCα1β1 and sGCα2β1 isoforms seem to be functionally active. To elucidate the functional role of the sGCα1β1 heterodimer in the mechanism of erection, experiments were performed in vivo and on isolated corpora cavernosa (CC) using sGCα1−/− mice. Materials and methods: For the in vivo study sGC-dependent and -independent vasorelaxing agents were injected intracavernosally in sGCα1−/− and sGCα1+/+ mice and the rise in intracavernosal pressure was recorded. For the in vitro study, isolated CC tissues from sGCα1−/− and sGCα1+/+ mice were mounted in organ baths for isometric tension recording and concentration-dependent curves were obtained for sGC-dependent and -independent vasorelaxing agents. These experiments were performed on 2 different mice strains (129SvEvS7 and C57BL6/J) to determine potential strain differences. Results: The responses in sGCα1−/− after administration of the NO-donors, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and spermine-NO, and to electrical stimulation are significantly reduced although not completely abolished. Responses to sGC-independent vasorelaxing agents are similar in sGCα1−/− and sGCα1+/+ mice from both strains suggesting that the decreased potential of smooth muscle relaxation is not related to structural changes or changes in the pathway downstream sGC. Conclusion: This study illustrates the strain-independent importance of the sGCα1β1 heterodimer, although remaining vasorelaxing responses in the sGCα1−/− mice suggest a complementary role for the sGCα2β1 isoform or (an) sGC-independent mechanism(s).
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