Electrostatically Doped Silicon Nanowire Arrays for Multispectral Photodetectors
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CitationUm, Han-Don, Amit Solanki, Ashwin Jayaraman, Roy G Gordon, and Fawwaz Habbal. "Electrostatically Doped Silicon Nanowire Arrays for Multispectral Photodetectors." ACS Nano 13, no. 10 (2019): 11717-1725.
AbstractNanowires have promising applications as photodetectors with superior ability to tune absorption with morphology. Despite their high optical absorption, the quantum efficiencies of these nanowire photodetectors remain low due to difficulties in fabricating a shallow junction using traditional doping methods. As an alternative, we report non-conventional radial heterojunction photodiodes obtained by conformal coating of indium oxide layer on silicon nanowire arrays. The indium oxide layer has a high work function which induces a strong inversion in the silicon nanowire and creates a virtual p-n junction. The resulting nanowire photodetectors show efficient carrier separation and collection leading to an improvement of quantum efficiency up to 0.2. In addition, by controlling the nanowire radii, the spectral response of the In2O3/Si nanowire photodetectors are tuned over several visible light wavelengths, creating a multispectral detector. Our approach is promising for the development of highly-efficient wavelength selective photodetectors.
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