A Record of Lateglacial and Early Holocene Environmental and Ecological Change from Southwestern Connecticut, USA
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CitationOswald, W. Wyatt, David Russell Foster, Elaine D. Doughty, and Edward Kerr Faison. 2009. A record of Lateglacial and early Holocene environmental and ecological change from southwestern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Quaternary Science 24(6): 553-556.
AbstractAnalyses of a sediment core from Highstead Swamp in southwestern Connecticut, USA, reveal Lateglacial and early Holocene ecological and hydrological changes. Lateglacial pollen assemblages are dominated by Picea and Pinus subg. Pinus, and the onset of the Younger Dryas (YD) cold interval is evidenced by higher abundance of Abies and Alnus viridis subsp. crispa. As climate warmed at the end of the YD, Picea and Abies declined and Pinus strobus became the dominant upland tree species. A shift from lacustrine sediment to organic peat at the YD-Holocene boundary suggests that the lake that existed in the basin during the Lateglacial interval developed into a swamp in response to reduced effective moisture. A change in wetland vegetation from Myrica gale to Alnus incana subsp. rugosa and Sphagnum is consistent with this interpretation of environmental changes at the beginning of the Holocene
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