Absolute Properties of the Low-Mass Eclipsing Binary CM Draconis
Morales, Juan Carlos
Guinan, Edward F.
Bradstreet, David H.
Everett, Mark E.
O'Donovan, Francis T.
Mathieu, Robert D.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationMorales, Juan Carlos, Ignasi Ribas, Carme Jordi, Guillermo Torres, Jose Gallardo, Edward F. Guinan, David Charbonneau, et al. 2009. Absolute properties of the low-mass eclipsing binary CM Draconis. Astrophysical Journal 691(2): 1400-1411.
AbstractSpectroscopic and eclipsing binary systems offer the best means for determining accurate physical properties of stars, including their masses and radii. The data available for low-mass stars have yielded firm evidence that stellar structure models predict smaller radii and higher effective temperatures than observed, but the number of systems with detailed analyses is still small. In this paper, we present a complete reanalysis of one of such eclipsing systems, CM Dra, composed of two dM4.5 stars. New and existing light curves as well as a radial velocity curve are modeled to measure the physical properties of both components. The masses and radii determined for the components of CM Dra are M 1 = 0.2310 ± 0.0009 M sun, M 2 = 0.2141 ± 0.0010M sun, R 1 = 0.2534 ± 0.0019 R sun, and R 2 = 0.2396 ± 0.0015 R sun. With relative uncertainties well below the 1% level, these values constitute the most accurate properties to date for fully convective stars. This makes CM Dra a valuable benchmark for testing theoretical models. In comparing our measurements with theory, we confirm the discrepancies previously reported for other low-mass eclipsing binaries. These discrepancies seem likely to be due to the effects of magnetic activity. We find that the orbit of this system is slightly eccentric, and we have made use of eclipse timings spanning three decades to infer the apsidal motion and other related properties.
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