Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China

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Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China

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Title: Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China
Author: Fang, Hai; Eggleston, Karen N.; Rizzo, John A.; Zeckhauser, Richard Jay

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Citation: Fang, Hai, Karen N. Eggleston, John A. Rizzo, and Richard J. Zeckhauser. 2010. Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China. HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series, RWP10-011, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Data on 2,288 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are deployed to study how off-farm female employment affects fertility. Such employment reduces a married woman’s actual number of children by 0.64, her preferred number by 0.48, and her probability of having more than one child by 54.8 percent. Causality flows in both directions; hence, we use well validated instrumental variables to estimate employment status. China has deep concerns with both female employment and population size. Moreover, female employment is growing quickly. Hence, its implications for fertility must be understood. Ramifications for China’s one-child policy are discussed.
Published Version: http://web.hks.harvard.edu/publications/workingpapers/citation.aspx?PubId=7215
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4449097
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