Now showing items 437-456 of 6224

    • Assessing equity of healthcare utilization in rural China: results from nationally representative surveys from 1993 to 2008 

      Zhou, Zhongliang; Su, Yanfang; Gao, Jianmin; Campbell, Benjamin; Zhu, Zhengwei; Xu, Ling; Zhang, Yaoguang (BioMed Central, 2013)
      Background: The phenomenon of inequitable healthcare utilization in rural China interests policymakers and researchers; however, the inequity has not been actually measured to present the magnitude and trend using nationally ...
    • Assessing global dietary habits: a comparison of national estimates from the FAO and the Global Dietary Database1234 

      Del Gobbo, Liana C; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Imamura, Fumiaki; Micha, Renata; Shi, Peilin; Smith, Matthew; Myers, Samuel S; Mozaffarian, Dariush (American Society for Nutrition, 2015)
      Background: Accurate data on dietary habits are crucial for understanding impacts on disease and informing policy priorities. Nation-specific food balance sheets from the United Nations FAO provided the only available ...
    • Assessing Health and Economic Outcomes of Interventions to Reduce Pregnancy-Related Mortality in Nigeria 

      Erim, Daniel Odey; Resch, Stephen C; Goldie, Sue J. (BioMed Central, 2012)
      Background: Women in Nigeria face some of the highest maternal mortality risks in the world. We explore the benefits and cost-effectiveness of individual and integrated packages of interventions to prevent pregnancy-related ...
    • Assessing healthcare providers' knowledge and practices relating to insecticide-treated nets and the prevention of malaria in Ghana, Laos, Senegal and Tanzania 

      Hoffman, Steven Justin; Guindon, G Emmanuel; Lavis, John Norman; Ndossi, Godwin D; Osei, Eric JA; Sidibe, Mintou; Boupha, Boungnong (Springer Science + Business Media, 2011)
      Background: Research evidence is not always being disseminated to healthcare providers who need it to inform their clinical practice. This can result in the provision of ineffective services and an inefficient use of ...
    • Assessing local instrument reliability and validity: a field-based example from northern Uganda 

      Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Bass, Judith; Borisova, Ivelina; Neugebauer, Richard; Speelman, Liesbeth; Onyango, Grace; Bolton, Paul (Springer Science + Business Media, 2009)
      This paper presents an approach for evaluating the reliability and validity of mental health measures in non-Western field settings. We describe this approach using the example of our development of the Acholi Psychosocial ...
    • Assessing Metal Exposures in a Community near a Cement Plant in the Northeast U.S. 

      Dong, Zhao; Bank, Michael S.; Spengler, John D. (MDPI, 2015)
      Cement production is a major source of metals and metalloids in the environment, while exposures to metals and metalloids may impact human health in the surrounding communities. We recruited 185 participants living in the ...
    • Assessing multivariate gene-metabolome associations with rare variants using Bayesian reduced rank regression 

      Marttinen, Pekka; Pirinen, Matti; Sarin, Antti-Pekka; Gillberg, Jussi; Kettunen, Johannes; Surakka, Ida; Kangas, Antti J.; Soininen, Pasi; O’Reilly, Paul; Kaakinen, Marika; Kähönen, Mika; Lehtimäki, Terho; Ala-Korpela, Mika; Raitakari, Olli T.; Salomaa, Veikko; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Ripatti, Samuli; Kaski, Samuel (Oxford University Press, 2014)
      Motivation: A typical genome-wide association study searches for associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a univariate phenotype. However, there is a growing interest to investigate associations ...
    • Assessing the Association of Mitochondrial Genetic Variation With Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Using Gene-Set Analyses 

      Khawaja, Anthony P.; Cooke Bailey, Jessica N.; Kang, Jae Hee; Allingham, R. Rand; Hauser, Michael A.; Brilliant, Murray; Budenz, Donald L.; Christen, William G.; Fingert, John; Gaasterland, Douglas; Gaasterland, Terry; Kraft, Peter; Lee, Richard K.; Lichter, Paul R.; Liu, Yutao; Medeiros, Felipe; Moroi, Syoko E.; Richards, Julia E.; Realini, Tony; Ritch, Robert; Schuman, Joel S.; Scott, William K.; Singh, Kuldev; Sit, Arthur J.; Vollrath, Douglas; Wollstein, Gadi; Zack, Donald J.; Zhang, Kang; Pericak-Vance, Margaret; Weinreb, Robert N.; Haines, Jonathan L.; Pasquale, Louis R.; Wiggs, Janey L. (The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2016)
      Purpose Recent studies indicate that mitochondrial proteins may contribute to the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). In this study, we examined the association between POAG and common variations in ...
    • Assessing the burden of medical impoverishment by cause: a systematic breakdown by disease in Ethiopia 

      Verguet, Stéphane; Memirie, Solomon Tessema; Norheim, Ole Frithjof (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Background: Out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenses often lead to catastrophic expenditure and impoverishment in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, there has been no systematic examination of which specific diseases and ...
    • Assessing the Costs and Cost-Effectiveness of Genomic Sequencing 

      Christensen, Kurt D.; Dukhovny, Dmitry; Siebert, Uwe; Green, Robert C. (MDPI, 2015)
      Despite dramatic drops in DNA sequencing costs, concerns are great that the integration of genomic sequencing into clinical settings will drastically increase health care expenditures. This commentary presents an overview ...
    • Assessing the genetic architecture of epithelial ovarian cancer histological subtypes 

      Cuellar-Partida, Gabriel; Lu, Yi; Dixon, Suzanne; Fasching, Peter; Hein, Alexander; Burghaus, Stefanie; Beckmann, Matthias; Lambrechts, Diether; Van Nieuwenhuysen, Els; Vergote, Ignace; Vanderstichele, Adriaan; Doherty, Jennifer Anne; Rossing, Mary Anne; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Wang-Gohrke, Shan; Goodman, Marc; Bogdanova, Natalia; Dörk, Thilo; Dürst, Matthias; Hillemanns, Peter; Runnebaum, Ingo; Antonenkova, Natalia; Butzow, Ralf; Leminen, Arto; Nevanlinna, Heli; Pelttari, Liisa; Edwards, Robert; Kelley, Joseph; Modugno, Francesmary; Moysich, Kirsten; Ness, Roberta; Cannioto, Rikki; Høgdall, Estrid; Høgdall, Claus; Jensen, Allan; Giles, Graham; Bruinsma, Fiona; Kjaer, Susanne; Hildebrandt, Michelle; Liang, Dong; Lu, Karen; Wu, Xifeng; Bisogna, Maria; Dao, Fanny; Levine, Douglas; Cramer, Daniel; Terry, Kathryn; Tworoger, Shelley; Stampfer, Meir; Missmer, Stacey; Bjorge, Line; Salvesen, Helga; Kopperud, Reidun; Bischof, Katharina; Aben, Katja; Kiemeney, Lambertus; Massuger, Leon; Brooks-Wilson, Angela; Olson, Sara; McGuire, Valerie; Rothstein, Joseph; Sieh, Weiva; Whittemore, Alice; Cook, Linda; Le, Nhu; Gilks, C. Blake; Gronwald, Jacek; Jakubowska, Anna; Lubiński, Jan; Kluz, Tomasz; Song, Honglin; Tyrer, Jonathan; Wentzensen, Nicolas; Brinton, Louise; Trabert, Britton; Lissowska, Jolanta; McLaughlin, John; Narod, Steven; Phelan, Catherine; Anton-Culver, Hoda; Ziogas, Argyrios; Eccles, Diana; Campbell, Ian; Gayther, Simon; Gentry-Maharaj, Aleksandra; Menon, Usha; Ramus, Susan; Wu, Anna; Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Agnieszka; Kupryjanczyk, Jolanta; Timorek, Agnieszka; Szafron, Lukasz; Cunningham, Julie; Fridley, Brooke; Winham, Stacey; Bandera, Elisa; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study (Springer (part of Springer Nature), 2016)
      Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the deadliest common cancers. The five most common types of disease are high-grade and low-grade serous, endometrioid, mucinous and clear cell carcinoma. Each of these subtypes ...
    • Assessing the impact of engineered nanoparticles on wound healing using a novel in vitro bioassay 

      Zhou, Enhua; Wright, Christa Young; Pizzo, Richard; Cohen, Joel; Dang, Quynh Nhu; Ferreira de Barros, Pedro Macul; Park, Chan Young Young; Chen, Cheng; Brain, Joseph David; Butler, James P.; Ruberti, Jeffrey W; Fredberg, Jeffrey J.; Demokritou, Phil K. (Future Medicine Ltd, 2014)
      AIM: As engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) increasingly enter consumer products, humans become increasingly exposed. The first line of defense against ENPs is the epithelium, the integrity of which can be compromised by ...
    • Assessing the level of healthcare information technology adoption in the United States: a snapshot 

      Poon, Eric G; Jha, Ashish Kumar; Christino, Melissa; Honour, Melissa M; Fernandopulle, Rushika Jerome; Middleton, Blackford; Newhouse, Joseph Paul; Leape, Lucian L.; Bates, David Westfall; Blumenthal, David; Kaushal, Rainu (Springer Nature, 2006)
      Background: Comprehensive knowledge about the level of healthcare information technology (HIT) adoption in the United States remains limited. We therefore performed a baseline assessment to address this knowledge gap. ...
    • Assessing the Online Social Environment for Surveillance of Obesity Prevalence 

      Chunara, Rumi; Bouton, Lindsay Legault; Ayers, John W.; Brownstein, John Samuel (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: Understanding the social environmental around obesity has been limited by available data. One promising approach used to bridge similar gaps elsewhere is to use passively generated digital data. Purpose This ...
    • Assessing the Performance of a Computer-Based Policy Model of HIV and AIDS 

      Rydzak, Chara Elaine; Cotich, Kara L.; Sax, Paul Edward; Hsu, Heather Emery Smith; Wang, Bingxia; Losina, Elena; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Weinstein, Milton C.; Goldie, Sue J. (2010)
      Background: Model-based analyses, conducted within a decision analytic framework, provide a systematic way to combine information about the natural history of disease and effectiveness of clinical management strategies ...
    • Assessing the population health impact of market interventions to improve access to antiretroviral treatment 

      Bärnighausen, Till; Kyle, Margaret; Salomon, Joshua A.; Waning, Brenda (Oxford University Press, 2011)
      Despite extraordinary global progress in increasing coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART), the majority of people needing ART currently are not receiving treatment. Both the number of people needing ART and the average ...
    • Assessing the Role of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Management of Chronic Nonspecific Back Pain 

      Sveinsdottir, Vigdis; Eriksen, Hege R; Reme, Silje (Dove Medical Press, 2012)
      Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide a narrative review of the current state of knowledge of the role of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the management of chronic nonspecific back pain. Methods: A literature ...
    • Assessing the validity of respondents’ reports of their partners’ ages in a rural South African population-based cohort 

      Harling, Guy; Tanser, Frank; Mutevedzi, Tinofa; Bärnighausen, Till (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      Objectives: This study evaluated the validity of using respondents’ reports of age disparity in their sexual relationships (perceived disparity), compared to age disparity based on each partner's report of their own date ...
    • Assessment of a Districtwide Policy on Availability of Competitive Beverages in Boston Public Schools, Massachusetts, 2013 

      Mozaffarian, Rebecca S.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Kenney, Erica L.; Carter, Jill E.; Howe, M. Caitlin Westfall; Reiner, Jennifer F.; Cradock, Angie L. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016)
      Introduction: Competitive beverages are drinks sold outside of the federally reimbursable school meals program and include beverages sold in vending machines, a la carte lines, school stores, and snack bars. Competitive ...
    • An assessment of antenatal care among Syrian refugees in Lebanon 

      Benage, Matthew; Greenough, P Gregg; Vinck, Patrick; Omeira, Nada; Pham, Phuong (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: After more than three years of violence in Syria, Lebanon hosts over one million Syrian refugees creating significant public health concerns. Antenatal care delivery to tens of thousands of pregnant Syrian ...