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dc.contributor.authorBennett, Gary G.
dc.contributor.authorMcNeill, Lorna H
dc.contributor.authorWolin, Kathleen Y
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Dustin T
dc.contributor.authorPuleo, Elaine
dc.contributor.authorEmmons, Karen Maria
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-05T19:18:00Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.citationBennett, Gary G., Lorna H. McNeill, Kathleen Y. Wolin, Dustin T. Duncan, Elaine Puleo, and Karen M. Emmons. 2007. Safe To Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Physical Activity Among Public Housing Residents. PLoS Medicine 4(10): e306.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1549-1277en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4540444
dc.description.abstractBackground: Despite its health benefits, physical inactivity is pervasive, particularly among those living in lower-income urban communities. In such settings, neighborhood safety may impact willingness to be regularly physically active. We examined the association of perceived neighborhood safety with pedometer-determined physical activity and physical activity self-efficacy. Methods and Findings: Participants were 1,180 predominantly racial/ethnic minority adults recruited from 12 urban low-income housing complexes in metropolitan Boston. Participants completed a 5-d pedometer data-collection protocol and self-reported their perceptions of neighborhood safety and self-efficacy (i.e., confidence in the ability to be physically active). Gender-stratified bivariate and multivariable random effects models were estimated to account for within-site clustering. Most participants reported feeling safe during the day, while just over one-third (36%) felt safe at night. We found no association between daytime safety reports and physical activity among both men and women. There was also no association between night-time safety reports and physical activity among men (p = 0.23) but women who reported feeling unsafe (versus safe) at night showed significantly fewer steps per day (4,302 versus 5,178, p = 0.01). Perceiving one's neighborhood as unsafe during the day was associated with significantly lower odds of having high physical activity self-efficacy among both men (OR 0.40, p = 0.01) and women (OR 0.68, p = 0.02). Conclusions: Residing in a neighborhood that is perceived to be unsafe at night is a barrier to regular physical activity among individuals, especially women, living in urban low-income housing. Feeling unsafe may also diminish confidence in the ability to be more physically active. Both of these factors may limit the effectiveness of physical activity promotion strategies delivered in similar settings.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040306en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2039759/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectcardiovascular disordersen_US
dc.subjectdiabetes and endocrinologyen_US
dc.subjectpublic health and epidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectepidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectpublic healthen_US
dc.subjecthealth policyen_US
dc.subjectobesityen_US
dc.subjectdiabetesen_US
dc.titleSafe To Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Physical Activity Among Public Housing Residentsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalPLoS Medicineen_US
dash.depositing.authorEmmons, Karen Maria
dc.date.available2010-11-05T19:18:00Z
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Society Human Development and Healthen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Dean's Office Administrationen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Society Human Development and Healthen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pmed.0040306*
dash.contributor.affiliatedEmmons, Karen
dash.contributor.affiliatedBennett, Gary


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