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dc.contributor.authorAlesina, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorDi Tella, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorMacCulloch, Robert
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-09T19:21:09Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationAlesina, Alberto, Rafael Di Tella, and Robert MacCulloch. 2004. Inequality and happiness: Are Europeans and Americans different? Journal of Public Economics 88(9-10): 2009-2042.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0047-2727en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4553007
dc.description.abstractWe study the effect of the level of inequality in society on individual well-being using a total of 123,668 answers to a survey question about “happiness”. We find that individuals have a lower tendency to report themselves happy when inequality is high, even after controlling for individual income, a large set of personal characteristics, and year and country (or, in the case of the US, state) dummies. The effect, however, is more precisely defined statistically in Europe than in the US. In addition, we find striking differences across groups. In Europe, the poor and those on the left of the political spectrum are unhappy about inequality; whereas in the US the happiness of the poor and of those on the left is uncorrelated with inequality. Interestingly, in the US, the rich are bothered by inequality. Comparing across continents, we find that left-wingers in Europe are more hurt by inequality than left-wingers in the US. And the poor in Europe are more concerned with inequality than the poor in America, an effect that is large in terms of size but is only significant at the 10% level. We argue that these findings are consistent with the perception (not necessarily the reality) that Americans have been living in a mobile society, where individual effort can move people up and down the income ladder, while Europeans believe that they live in less mobile societies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEconomicsen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOther Research Uniten_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.07.006en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectincomeen_US
dc.subjecthappinessen_US
dc.subjectinequalityen_US
dc.titleInequality and Happiness: Are Europeans and Americans Different?en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAuthor's Originalen_US
dc.relation.journalJournal of Public Economicsen_US
dash.depositing.authorAlesina, Alberto
dc.date.available2010-11-09T19:21:09Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.07.006*
dash.contributor.affiliatedDi Tella, Rafael
dash.contributor.affiliatedAlesina, Alberto


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