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dc.contributor.authorForgeard, Marieen_US
dc.contributor.authorWinner, Ellenen_US
dc.contributor.authorNorton, Andreaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchlaug, Gottfrieden_US
dc.contributor.authorFitch, Tecumsehen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-10T18:25:14Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.citationForgeard, Marie, Ellen Winner, Andrea Norton, Gottfried Schlaug, and Tecumseh Fitch. 2008. Practicing a Musical Instrument in Childhood is Associated with Enhanced Verbal Ability and Nonverbal Reasoning. PLoS ONE 3(10).en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4553287
dc.description.abstractBackground In this study we investigated the association between instrumental music training in childhood and outcomes closely related to music training as well as those more distantly related.Methodology/Principal Findings Children who received at least three years (M = 4.6 years) of instrumental music training outperformed their control counterparts on two outcomes closely related to music (auditory discrimination abilities and fine motor skills) and on two outcomes distantly related to music (vocabulary and nonverbal reasoning skills). Duration of training also predicted these outcomes. Contrary to previous research, instrumental music training was not associated with heightened spatial skills, phonemic awareness, or mathematical abilities.Conclusions/Significance While these results are correlational only, the strong predictive effect of training duration suggests that instrumental music training may enhance auditory discrimination, fine motor skills, vocabulary, and nonverbal reasoning. Alternative explanations for these results are discussed.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi://10.1371/journal.pone.0003566en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2570220/pdf/en
dash.licenseOAPen_US
dc.subjectNeuroscience/Cognitive Neuroscienceen
dc.subjectNeuroscience/Neurodevelopmenten
dc.subjectNeuroscience/Psychologyen
dc.titlePracticing a Musical Instrument in Childhood is Associated with Enhanced Verbal Ability and Nonverbal Reasoningen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.relation.journalPLoS ONEen
dash.depositing.authorWinner, Ellenen_US
dc.date.available2010-11-10T18:25:14Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0003566*
dash.contributor.affiliatedWinner, Ellen
dash.contributor.affiliatedSchlaug, Gottfried


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