Facilitating Change in School Health: A Qualitative Study of Schools’ Experiences Using the School Health Index

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Facilitating Change in School Health: A Qualitative Study of Schools’ Experiences Using the School Health Index

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dc.contributor.author Bryn Austin, S
dc.contributor.author Cohen-Bearak, Adena
dc.contributor.author Wardle, Kacey
dc.contributor.author Fung, Teresa Toiyee
dc.contributor.author Cheung, Lilian Wai-Yin
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-18T19:03:19Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Austin, S. Bryn, Teresa Fung, Adena Cohen-Bearak, Kacey Wardle, and Lilian W. Y. Cheung. 2006. Facilitating change in school health: a qualitative study of schools’ experiences using the school health index. Preventing Chronic Disease 3(2). en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1545-1151 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4582587
dc.description.abstract Introduction: As school-based efforts increase to address the epidemic of childhood obesity, a priority for health professionals and educators will be to identify effective tools appropriate for use in schools to help guide health promotion programs and policies. This article describes the results of a qualitative research study examining school staff and community members' experiences working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's School Health Index, a self-assessment and planning tool that addresses nutrition and physical activity. Methods: In-depth interviews were carried out with faculty, staff, and community collaborators in nine public schools that were using the School Health Index to develop nutrition and physical activity initiatives for students. Interviews were conducted twice: once after a school had completed the School Health Index and once approximately 1 year later. Transcript data from interviews with 34 participants were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Findings indicated that school experiences differed markedly depending on whether they received help from an outside facilitator to work with the School Health Index. Unlike staff in schools working on their own, school staff working with outside facilitators described completing the School Health Index in a collaborative way, creating action plans, and working as a team to implement health promotion initiatives. In addition, the involvement of an outside facilitator supported schools in undertaking more complex tasks with a greater degree of collaboration across the school and local communities in order to achieve goals. Conclusion: Outside facilitators may significantly enhance schools' efforts to work with the School Health Index and influence the organizational strategies they use to implement health promotion initiatives. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Centers for Disease Control and Prevention en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/apr/05_0116.htm en_US
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1564114/pdf/ en_US
dash.license LAA
dc.title Facilitating Change in School Health: A Qualitative Study of Schools’ Experiences Using the School Health Index en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal Preventing Chronic Disease en_US
dash.depositing.author Fung, Teresa Toiyee
dc.date.available 2010-11-18T19:03:19Z
dash.affiliation.other SPH^Nutrition en_US
dash.affiliation.other SPH^Nutrition en_US

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