Bayes-LQAS: Classifying the Prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition

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Bayes-LQAS: Classifying the Prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition

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Title: Bayes-LQAS: Classifying the Prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition
Author: Olives, Casey; Pagano, Marcello

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Citation: Olives, Casey, and Marcello Pagano. 2010. Bayes-LQAS: classifying the prevalence of global acute malnutrition. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 7:3.
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Abstract: Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) applications in health have generally relied on frequentist interpretations for statistical validity. Yet health professionals often seek statements about the probability distribution of unknown parameters to answer questions of interest. The frequentist paradigm does not pretend to yield such information, although a Bayesian formulation might. This is the source of an error made in a recent paper published in this journal. Many applications lend themselves to a Bayesian treatment, and would benefit from such considerations in their design. We discuss Bayes-LQAS (B-LQAS), which allows for incorporation of prior information into the LQAS classification procedure, and thus shows how to correct the aforementioned error. Further, we pay special attention to the formulation of Bayes Operating Characteristic Curves and the use of prior information to improve survey designs. As a motivating example, we discuss the classification of Global Acute Malnutrition prevalence and draw parallels between the Bayes and classical classifications schemes. We also illustrate the impact of informative and non-informative priors on the survey design. Results indicate that using a Bayesian approach allows the incorporation of expert information and/or historical data and is thus potentially a valuable tool for making accurate and precise classifications.
Published Version: doi:10.1186/1742-7622-7-3
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