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dc.contributor.authorBegg, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorTomijima, Niels
dc.contributor.authorMajmudar, Meghna
dc.contributor.authorBulzacchelli, Maria T
dc.contributor.authorEbrahim, Shahul
dc.contributor.authorGaber Kreiser, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorHogan, Mollie
dc.contributor.authorMichaud, Catherine M.
dc.contributor.authorMcKenna, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorEzzati, Majid
dc.contributor.authorSalomon, Joshua A.
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-02T21:15:51Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.identifier.citationMichaud, Catherine M., Matthew T. McKenna, Stephen Begg, Niels Tomijima, Meghna Majmudar, Maria T. Bulzacchelli, Shahul Ebrahim, Majid Ezzati, et al. 2006. The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996. Population Health Metrics 4:11.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1478-7954en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4596501
dc.description.abstractBackground: Burden of disease studies have been implemented in many countries using the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) to assess major health problems. Important objectives of the study were to quantify intra-country differentials in health outcomes and to place the United States situation in the international context. Methods: We applied methods developed for the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) to data specific to the United States to compute Disability-Adjusted Life Years. Estimates are provided by age and gender for the general population of the United States and for each of the four official race groups: White; Black; American Indian or Alaskan Native; and Asian or Pacific Islander. Several adjustments of GBD methods were made: the inclusion of race; a revised list of causes; and a revised algorithm to allocate cardiovascular disease garbage codes to ischaemic heart disease. We compared the results of this analysis to international estimates published by the World Health Organization for developed and developing regions of the world.Results In the mid-1990s the leading sources of premature death and disability in the United States, as measured by DALYs, were: cardiovascular conditions, breast and lung cancers, depression, osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, and alcohol use and abuse. In addition, motor vehicle-related injuries and the HIV epidemic exacted a substantial toll on the health status of the US population, particularly among racial minorities. The major sources of death and disability in these latter populations were more similar to patterns of burden in developing rather than developed countries. Conclusion: Estimating DALYs specifically for the United States provides a comprehensive assessment of health problems for this country compared to what is available using mortality data alone.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1186/1478-7954-4-11en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1635736/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleThe Burden of Disease and Injury in the United States 1996en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalPopulation Health Metricsen_US
dash.depositing.authorEzzati, Majid
dc.date.available2010-12-02T21:15:51Z
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Dean's Office Administrationen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Global Health + Populationen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Global Health + Populationen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Global Health + Populationen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1478-7954-4-11*
dash.authorsorderedfalse
dash.contributor.affiliatedMcKenna, Matthew
dash.contributor.affiliatedMurray, Christopher
dash.contributor.affiliatedMichaud, Catherine
dash.contributor.affiliatedSalomon, Joshua
dash.contributor.affiliatedEzzati, Majid
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0003-3929-5515


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