Enhancement of Notch Receptor Maturation and Signaling Sensitivity by Cripto-1
Castro, Nadia P.
Rangel, Maria Cristina
Salomon, David S.
Lee, Joseph M.
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CitationWatanabe, Kazuhide, Tadahiro Nagaoka, Joseph M. Lee, Caterina Bianco, Monica Gonzales, Nadia P. Castro, Maria Cristina Rangel, et al. 2009. Enhancement of Notch receptor maturation and signaling sensitivity by Cripto-1. The Journal of Cell Biology 187(3): 343-353.
AbstractNodal and Notch signaling pathways play essential roles in vertebrate development. Through a yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified Notch3 as a candidate binding partner of the Nodal
coreceptor Cripto-1. Coimmunoprecipitation analysis confirmed the binding of Cripto-1 with all four mammalian Notch receptors. Deletion analyses revealed that the binding of Cripto-1 and Notch1 is mediated by the Cripto-1/FRL-1/Cryptic domain of Cripto-1 and the C-terminal region of epidermal growth factor–like repeats of Notch1. Binding of Cripto-1 to Notch1 occurred mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum–Golgi network. Cripto-1 expression resulted in the recruitment of Notch1 protein into lipid raft microdomains and enhancement of the furin-like protein convertase-mediated proteolytic maturation of Notch1(S1 cleavage). Enhanced S1 cleavage resulted in the sensitization to ligand-induced activation of Notch signaling.
In addition, knockdown of Cripto-1 expression in human and mouse embryonal carcinoma cells desensitized the ligand-induced Notch signaling activation. These results suggest a novel role of Cripto-1 in facilitating the posttranslational maturation of Notch receptors.
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