Common Genetic Variation and the Control of HIV-1 in Humans

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Common Genetic Variation and the Control of HIV-1 in Humans

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Title: Common Genetic Variation and the Control of HIV-1 in Humans
Author: Fellay, Jacques; Ge, Dongliang; Shianna, Kevin V.; Colombo, Sara; Ledergerber, Bruno; Cirulli, Elizabeth T.; Urban, Thomas J.; Zhang, Kunlin; Gumbs, Curtis E.; Castagna, Antonella; Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro; De Luca, Andrea; Easterbrook, Philippa; Günthard, Huldrych F.; Mallal, Simon; Mussini, Cristina; Dalmau, Judith; Martinez-Picado, Javier; Miro, José M.; Obel, Niels; Wolinsky, Steven M.; Martinson, Jeremy J.; Detels, Roger; Margolick, Joseph B.; Jacobson, Lisa P.; Descombes, Patrick; Antonarakis, Stylianos E.; Beckmann, Jacques S.; McMichael, Andrew J.; Haynes, Barton F.; Carrington, Mary; Telenti, Amalio; Goldstein, David B.; NIAID Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI); Smith, Jason P.; O'Brien, Stephen James; Letvin, Norman Lee; Feng, Sheng

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Fellay, Jacques, Dongliang Ge, Kevin V. Shianna, Sara Colombo, Bruno Ledergerber, Elizabeth T. Cirulli, Thomas J. Urban, et al. 2009. Common Genetic Variation and the Control of HIV-1 in Humans. PLoS Genetics 5(12): e1000791.
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Abstract: To extend the understanding of host genetic determinants of HIV-1 control, we performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 2,554 infected Caucasian subjects. The study was powered to detect common genetic variants explaining down to 1.3% of the variability in viral load at set point. We provide overwhelming confirmation of three associations previously reported in a genome-wide study and show further independent effects of both common and rare variants in the Major Histocompatibility Complex region (MHC). We also examined the polymorphisms reported in previous candidate gene studies and fail to support a role for any variant outside of the MHC or the chemokine receptor cluster on chromosome 3. In addition, we evaluated functional variants, copy-number polymorphisms, epistatic interactions, and biological pathways. This study thus represents a comprehensive assessment of common human genetic variation in HIV-1 control in Caucasians.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000791
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