Spatial Reduction Algorithm for Atmospheric Chemical Transport Models

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Spatial Reduction Algorithm for Atmospheric Chemical Transport Models

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Title: Spatial Reduction Algorithm for Atmospheric Chemical Transport Models
Author: Rastigejev, Y.; Brenner, Michael P.; Jacob, Daniel J.

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Citation: Rastigeyev, Y., Michael P. Brenner, and Daniel J. Jacob. 2007. Spatial reduction algorithm for atmospheric chemical transport models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(35): 13875-13880.
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Abstract: Numerical modeling of global atmospheric chemical dynamics presents an enormous challenge, associated with simulating hundreds of chemical species with time scales varying from milliseconds to years. Here we present an algorithm that provides a significant reduction in computational cost. Because most of the fast reactants and their quickly decomposing reaction products are localized near emission sources, we use a series of reduced chemical models of decreasing complexity with increasing distance from the source. The algorithm diagnoses the chemical dynamics on-the-run, locally and separately for every species according to its characteristic reaction time. Unlike conventional time-scale separation methods, the spatial reduction algorithm speeds up not only the chemical solver but also advection–diffusion integration. Through several examples we demonstrate that the algorithm can reduce computational cost by at least an order of magnitude for typical atmospheric chemical kinetic mechanisms.
Published Version: doi:10.1073/pnas.0705649104
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