The Septins Function in G1 Pathways that Influence the Pattern of Cell Growth in Budding Yeast
Egelhofer, Thea A.
Kellogg, Douglas R.
Hardwick, Kevin G.
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CitationEgelhofer, Thea A., Judit Villén, Derek McCusker, Steven P. Gygi, and Douglas R. Kellogg. 2008. The Septins Function in G1 Pathways that Influence the Pattern of Cell Growth in Budding Yeast. PLoS ONE 3(4).
AbstractThe septins are a conserved family of proteins that have been proposed to carry out diverse functions. In budding yeast, the septins become localized to the site of bud emergence in G1 but have not been thought to carry out important functions at this stage of the cell cycle. We show here that the septins function in redundant mechanisms that are required for formation of the bud neck and for the normal pattern of cell growth early in the cell cycle. The Shs1 septin shows strong genetic interactions with G1 cyclins and is directly phosphorylated by G1 cyclin-dependent kinases, consistent with a role in early cell cycle events. However, Shs1 phosphorylation site mutants do not show genetic interactions with the G1 cyclins or obvious defects early in the cell cycle. Rather, they cause an increased cell size and aberrant cell morphology that are dependent upon inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdk1 at the G2/M transition. Shs1 phosphorylation mutants also show defects in interaction with the Gin4 kinase, which associates with the septins during G2/M and plays a role in regulating inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdk1. Phosphorylation of Shs1 by G1 cyclin-dependent kinases plays a role in events that influence Cdk1 inhibitory phosphorylation.
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